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Page Started: 2018/12/02 Royalty and Leadership Issues In Spain Juan Carlos I is a former King of Spain, reigning from 1975 until his abdication in 2014. ... In 1962, Juan Carlos married Princess Sophia of Greece and Denmark in Athens. ... History: Felipe VI Becomes King of Spain after Juan Carlos I Abdicate https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/felipe-iv-king-of-spain-juan-carlos Excerpt: Carlos took the throne in 1975, after the death of brutal dictator Francisco Franco. Known as a staunch defender of democracy, Carlos immediately spearheaded historic political reforms that led to Spain's democratic elections in 1976—the first such elections in Spain since 1936. Under his rule, Spain grew into an economic powerhouse, attracting tourists from around the world https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/felipe-iv-king-of-spain-juan-carlos Felipe: When the clock struck midnight on June 19, 2014, King Juan Carlos I of Spain’s nearly 40-year reign came to an end. Two weeks after abdicating the Spanish throne amidst sagging approval ratings, Juan Carlos symbolically removed his red sash—signifying his status as leader of the Spanish military—and wrapped it around the waist of his son, 46-year-old Crown Prince Felipe. Franco: Foreign Policy:Spain’s Dictator Is Dead, but the Debate About Him Lives On Francisco Franco ran Spain with an iron fist for decades—and created myths about his rule that are only now starting to come undone. BY OMAR G. ENCARNACIÓN | JULY 27, 2018, 12:02 PM https://foreignpolicy.com/2018/07/27/spains-dictator-is-dead-but-his-popularity-lives-on/ Wahington Post: https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/worldviews/wp/2018/07/17/with-fascist-salutes-defenders-of-spanish-dictator-franco-protest-plan-to-dig- up-his-remains/?noredirect=on&utm_term=.44faa25e3067 Forbes: Royal Family In Trouble: Spanish Monarchy Mired In New Scandal. By Cecilia Rodriguez (2018/08/12) https://www.forbes.com/sites/ceciliarodriguez/2018/08/12/royal-family-in-trouble-spanish-monarchy-mired-in-new-ugly-scandal/#2f773bf9480a Excerpt:  The Spanish Royal Family has been plagued by scandals and divisions since long before the 2014 abdication of its once-patriarch and very popular King Juan Carlos - now facing serious accusations of money laundering -  to his son, King Felipe VI. The latest bombshell shaking the royal house involves secret audio recordings of princess Corinna zu Sayn-Wittgenstein, a German aristocrat living in Monte Carlo who for years has been romantically linked to the 80-year-old former king and now accuses him of using her name to buy property in Morocco, of accumulating a secret fortune hidden in several Swiss bank accounts under the name of one of his cousins, Alvaro d'Orleans Bourbon, of using fake cut-outs to commit tax fraud and of taking millions in commissions on state contracts. https://www.forbes.com/sites/ceciliarodriguez/2018/08/12/royal-family-in-trouble-spanish-monarchy-mired-in-new-ugly-scandal/#42d54678480a Business Insider: King Of Spain Unexpectedly Abdicates The Throne. ByJoe Weisenthal and Michael B Kelley 2014/06/02) https://www.businessinsider.com/king-of-spain-abdicates-2014-6 The prime minister of Spain, Mariano Rajoy, has just announced the king of Spain, Juan Carlos, 76, will unexpectedly abdicate the throne. His son, Crown Prince Felipe, 46, will take over the role. The government must now craft a law creating a legal mechanism for the abdication as well as for Felipe's assumption of power.There are two competing storylines for why Juan Carlos, who has had health problems in recent years, was ultimately forced out.The Spanish royal family has been in scandal for some time due to the King's alleged affairs and excessive spending, while the country has remained mired in a terrible economy. https://www.businessinsider.com/king-of-spain-abdicates-2014-6 Gay Royalty, Issues Independent: Spanish queen breaks silence - and upsets gay groups By Anita Brooks (2008/10/30) https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/spanish-queen-breaks-silence-and-upsets-gay-groups-979571.html Gay Kings of Spain https://www.datalounge.com/thread/16195134-the-gay-kings-of-spain El Pais: Felipe VI becomes first Spanish head of state to meet with gay groups New king and Queen Letizia also receive representatives of Red Cross, Unicef and non-profits https://elpais.com/elpais/2014/06/25/inenglish/1403687494_346687.html https://www.nytimes.com/2018/04/05/world/europe/spain-queen-letizia-queen-sofia.html Independent: Scourge of Pinochet is cleared over Franco case. By Ciarn Giles (2012/02/28) https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/scourge-of-pinochet-is-cleared-over-franco-case-7447318.html NY Times: LETTER FROM EUROPE; Spain Mobilizes Against the Scourge of Machismo By ELAINE SCIOLINOJULY 14, 2004 Shttps://www.nytimes.com/2004/07/14/world/letter-from-europe-spain-mobilizes-against-the-scourge-of-machismo.html The men, it seems, are killing their women. On the last day of June in Pamplona, a 67-year-old retired factory worker shot and killed his ex-wife, then turned the gun on himself. A court had ordered him to pay her overdue alimony. Four days later in Madrid, a 76-year-old man drove a knife into his wife's neck, killing her. The next day in the Canary Islands, a 39-year-old cafeteria worker stabbed to death the mother of his three children, while in Murcia an 18-year-old man tortured and beat to death his 15-year-old girlfriend with a chain, an iron bar and a jar of jam. He had discovered, some said, that she wasn't a virgin. The day after that in Barcelona, a 49-year-old man identified as Antonio chased his ex-wife from her car and stabbed her to death. Spain's new Socialist prime minister, José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, calls violence against women his country's ''worst shame.'' He identifies himself as a feminist, has given half of the jobs in his cabinet to women and has vowed to stamp out what he calls ''criminal machismo.'' To that end, his first bill presented to Parliament since assuming power in April is a sweeping measure to protect women by toughening punishment for male abusers. The proposed legislation will criminalize violent threats against women, provide more money to protect battered women, create work-training programs for victims and lay the groundwork for a nationwide prevention and education project.0 https://www.nytimes.com/2004/07/14/world/letter-from-europe-spain-mobilizes-against-the-scourge-of-machismo.html Franco  Era Guardian: Spain launches truth commission to probe Franco-era crimesSpain launches truth commission to probe Franco-era crimes Planned census of civil war and dictatorship victims aims to help families trace relatives Stephen BurgenThu 12 Jul 2018 10.55 EDT Planned census of civil war and dictatorship victims aims to help families trace relatives https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/jul/12/spain-to-establish-truth-commission-for-franco-era-crimes