SYSTEM ABUSE Greek Terrorism
Updates: 2018/11/11 Eliamep/Author Skleparis; Discrim. against Greeks/Related; Immig./Scholarworks 01/11/2018 Greek Gypsies; 12/06/2017 added books Greek Immigrants By Scott Ingram, Robert Asher and Greek Immigrants, 1890-1920 By Rosemary Wallner11/24/2017 john-georgelas-the-greek-american-who-became-americas-isis-leader/greekreporter; Peter Pappas Grk Amer Enterpreneur dies/Greek Reporter; 11/05/2017 Europe Union history; 11/03/2017 Greek Orth; 10/29/017 notes from 10/28/2017 added; 10/16/2017: Phaistos Code/Huffington Post; 10/14/2017 Greek Resistance Movement against Axis in WWII; 10/13/2017 Bosnan War and Greeks; Bank Bailout 10/07/2017 Several additional Greek terrorist org’s added, incl. Golden Dawn; Gage, Brewer, Sutton; Gerolymatos/Red Acropolis Greek Civil War; Kassimeris Last Red Terrorists/The Rev Org 17; The NY Times/Open Wound of DIvision - attack on Prime Minister Papademos; 10/03/2017 George Kassimeris books/articles; Pakistan/Islamic connection to Greece immigration; 09/30/2017 Greco-Turkish War; 09/29/2017 article in Natl Interest, book Greek American Pimps; Russian, Israel ties; rich/poor; court corruption Page started 09/28/2017 GREEK TERRORISM And Other Greek Issues See also Donmeh Books Background Greek Terrorism Background topics American Greek Politicians Ancient History Brief Spotlights Athens Polytechnic Uprising 1973 Bank Bailout Bosnian War-Greece Courts Corruption Discrimination Euro/Greek Transition to European System Greek Orthodox Church Corruption Greek Immigration into USA Gypsies-Greek Immigration into Greece Israel-Greece Alliance over Oil Oil Shock Rich/poor Russian Alliance Turkey-Greece WWII - Crete/Greek Mainland-Nazi/Greek Resistance-Italian Fascist Invasion Terrorism-Greek General Alt. View/Author Skleparis Fire Nuclei Golden Dawn Revolutionary Nuclei Revolutionary Organization 17 November Revolutionary People’s Struggle Revolutionary Struggle Sect of Revolutionaries BOOKS Background for strife and terrorism, Greek terrorists, far left/far right political orientations, Greek/USA relations Greek Terrorism Europe's Last Red Terrorists: The Revolutionary Organization 17 (2001) George Kassimeris Excerpt found on Amazon: Since the 1970s, Europe's last Marxist-Leninist terrorists the Greek Revolutionary Organization 17 November have waged a violent campaign against US and NATO personnel, Turkish diplomats and members of the Greeks military and business elite. In May 2000 they assassinated a top British diplomat in Athens in a daring daylight attack. Yet no one suspected of belonging to the organization, let alone of being involved in its terror campaign, has ever been arrested. Inside Greek Terrorism (2013) George Kassimeris Greek Urban Warriors: Resistance & Terrorism 1967 (2014) John Brady Kiesling Greek Immigration into USA Greek Immigrants Scott Ingram, Robert Asherto Greek Immigrants, 1890-1920 By Rosemary Wallner https://scholarworks.umt.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=6377&context=etd Discrimination Against Greeks and Related Topics https://www.thenationalherald.com/171404/no-greeks-need-apply/ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anti-Greek_sentiment https://www.ohchr.org/EN/NewsEvents/Pages/DisplayNews.aspx?NewsID=20341&LangID=E http://www.pappaspost.com/todays-undesirable-muslims-were-yesteryears-greeks-pure-american-no-rats-no-greeks/ Greek History Greece the Decade at War (2016) David Brewer Greek American Pimps: Charity Corrupted By Politics, Lobbies & Criminal Enterprises Mitch Fatouros Murder, Inc. In Greece (2013) Olive Sutton The Nazi Occupation of Crete: 1941-1945 (1995) George Kiriakopoulos Eleni and its Sequel, A Place for Us: A Greek Immigrant Boy's Odyssey to a New Country and an Unknown Father (2004) Nicholas Gage Red Acropolis, Black Terror: The Greek Civil War And The Origins Of The Soviet-american Rivalry,1943-1949 (2004) Andre Gerolymatos BACKGROUND History, Current Affairs Surrounding Tensions Leading to or in a Climate of Terrorism Ancient History Brief Spotlights Huffington Post: Scientists Finally Crack The Code Of The Ancient ‘Phaistos Disk’. By Jacqueline Howard (10/28/2014) Ancient CD Rom: Phaistos Disk Code https://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/10/28/ancient-cd-rom-phaistos-disk-code_n_6055178.html Excerpt: Scientists have been trying to decipher the mysterious “Phaistos Disk” ever since the 4,000-year-old clay disk was discovered in 1908 on the Greek island of Crete. But no one seems to have been able to translate the mysterious language inscribed on the disk, which dates back to 1700 B.C. and the height of the Minoan civilization — until now. https://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/10/28/ancient-cd-rom-phaistos-disk-code_n_6055178.html Ancient History: Phaistos https://www.ancient.eu/Phaistos/ Possible Ancient Chinese and Ancient Greek Connection http://www.greecetravel.com/archaeology/mitsopoulou/ Excerpt: The Origins of the Olympic Games HELLAS, “the special oil,” and ATHENS,“the charming” To engage in an issue that contradicts what is formally accepted, and on which there are no written sources, requires courage, imagination, and intuition. You’re in a closed room in utter darkness, groping towards a window, in order to somehow illuminate the space. If at one time Greek and Chinese were indeed one language, this presumes a shared life by these peoples, and a common cradle for mankind in general, in Asia rather than Africa. Those who then left from there through a river passing [in present-day Nepal] would have brought their language as well as their mythology and traditions, religion and art with them. http://www.greecetravel.com/archaeology/mitsopoulou/olympicgames/index.htm Excerpt: The Color Blue for Repelling Evil: On the murals of Santorini island (about 1700 BC) bracelets for the wrist, the arm and ankle, and necklaces, are made of precious or semiprecious stones, while the shaved part of the head of young people (male and female) is painted blue-turquoise. It is amazing, that on traditional Chinese New Year’s cards, one can see the same fashion copied since thousands of years ago. Small children also have their hair partly shaved in similar arrangement (two or three locks of hair) with the shaved part also painted blue-turquoise. The artist used the turquoise color believing that it would provide protection for his heroes. Also, on special occasions like birthdays, initiation of adolescence, the shaved parts of their heads were smeared with blue paint, their face with white and their lips and cheeks with red (like actors used to do). http://www.greecetravel.com/archaeology/mitsopoulou/blue.html Similarities in Greek and Chinese Language http://www.greecetravel.com/archaeology/mitsopoulou/language.htm Greek and Chinese Ships http://www.greecetravel.com/archaeology/mitsopoulou/boats.html American-Greek Politicians Spiro Agnew (November 9, 1918 – September 17, 1996), 39th Vice President of the United States, In office January 20, 1969 – October 10, 1973 https://en wikipedia.org/wiki/Spiro_Agnew Excerpt: Agnew was born in Baltimore, Maryland, to an American-born mother and a Greek immigrant father. He graduated from Johns Hopkins University and the University of Baltimore School of Law, and entered the United States Army in 1941. Agnew served as an officer during World War II, earning the Bronze Star, and was in 1951 recalled for service during the Korean War…Beginning in early 1973, Agnew was investigated by the United States Attorney for the District of Maryland on suspicion of conspiracy, bribery, extortion and tax fraud. Agnew had accepted payments from contractors during his time as a Maryland official, and the payments had continued into his time as vice president. After denying his guilt for months, Agnew negotiated a plea agreement that would involve his resignation from office. On October 10, 1973, Agnew pled no contest to a single felony charge of tax evasion, resigned his office, and was replaced by House Minority Leader Gerald Ford. Agnew spent the remainder of his life quietly, rarely making public appearances, and wrote a novel and a memoir defending his actions. He died in 1996….Spiro Agnew's father was born Theofrate Anagnostopoulos in about 1877, in the Greek town of Gargalianoi. https://en wikipedia.org/wiki/Spiro_Agnew Athens Polytechnic Uprising 1973 Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Athens_Polytechnic_uprising Excerpt: The Athens Polytechnic uprising in 1973 was a massive demonstration of popular rejection of the Greek military junta of 1967–1974. The uprising began on November 14, 1973, escalated to an open anti-junta revolt and ended in bloodshed in the early morning of November 17 after a series of events starting with a tank crashing through the gates of the Polytechnic. Since April 21, 1967, Greece had been under the dictatorial rule of the military, a regime which abolished civil rights, dissolved political parties and exiled, imprisoned and tortured politicians and citizens based on their political beliefs. 1973 found the military junta leader Georgios Papadopoulos having undertaken a "liberalisation" process of the regime, which included the release of political prisoners and the partial lifting of censorship, as well as promises of a new constitution and new elections for a return to civilian rule. Opposition elements including Socialists were thus given the opportunity to undertake political action against the junta. United States took a clandestine interest in suppressing Socialists and had a C.I.A. operative named John Maury who was in consultation supporting the Junta Leaders. American Vice President Spiro Agnew praised the junta as "the best thing to happen to Greece since Pericles ruled in ancient Athens". https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Athens_Polytechnic_uprising Bank Bailout CNBC: Greece hopes for debt relief as bailout program enters final 12 months. By Joumanna Bercetche (09/2017) https://www.cnbc.com/2017/09/01/greece-hopes-for-debt-relief-as-bailout-program-enters-final-12-months.html Bosnian War-Greece Unholy Alliance Greece and Milosevic’s Serbia http://www.bosniafacts.info/modern-history/serbian-aggression/56-unholy-alliance-greece-and-milosevic-s-serbia Greek Complicity in Bosnian War Crimes (2002) http //www geocities.ws/famous_bosniaks/english/unholy_alliance.htm Courts Corruption Business Anti Corruption dot com: Profiles Greece http://www.business-anti-corruption.com/country-profiles/greece World War II - Crete and Greek Main Land Fronts - Nazis/Axis Occuption - Greek Resistance Greek Resistance - Jewish Connection. By Steven Bowman https://jwa.org/encyclopedia/article/greek-resistance-during-world-war-ii List of Greek Resistance Movements https //en wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Greek_Resistance_organizations Wikipedia Battle of Crete https //en wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Crete Wikipedia Battle of Greece https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Greece Axis Occuption of Greece https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Axis_occupation_of_Greece WW2db: Greece World War II Database https://ww2db.com/country/greece Excerpt: [The tragic story of Greece in WWII) Entry into WW2 28 Oct 1940 Population in 1939 7,222,000 Military Deaths in WW2 20,000 Civilian Deaths in WW2 400,000 Civ Deaths from Holocaust 60,000 Excerpt: The Germans took strategically important locations such as western Crete, the Athens-Piraeus region, and the Thessaloniki region. Chronic shortage of food and other basic supplies caused extreme hardship to Greek civilians during the occupation. As early as the winter of 1941 to 1942, a great many Athenians (estimates ran as high as 300,000) died from starvation and mal-nourishment (the "Great Famine"); the situation would be alleviated somewhat in summer 1942 when the International Red Cross was able to bring in supplies. Armed resistance by the Greeks began early in the occupation; though locally effective, some of the resistance groups saw as much fighting against each others as against the occupation administration. Axis deaths and damages attributed to partisan attacks often led to deadly reprisals. On 16 Aug 1943, for example, the 317 inhabitants of the village of Kommeno were rounded up and executed for the suspicion of partisan support. In another instance, between 14 and 16 Sep 1943, about 500 civilians were killed in the Viannos-Ierapetra region on Crete by troops of German Army 22nd Air Landing Division. Bulgaria, which annexed its share of occupied Greece officially within its borders, was particularly brutal when provoked, as its ultimate goal was to resettle Thrace and Macedonia with its own population. For example, a uprising which began in Macedonia 28 Sep 1941 was quickly put down by Bulgarian Army troops, after killing 3,000 resistance fighters; in the subsequent weeks about 15,000 additional Greeks, said to have aided the uprising, were rounded up and executed. In all, it was estimated that about 70,000 civilians were killed by the Germans, Bulgarians, and the Italians during the occupation. In 1943, when the Italians signed an armistice with the Allies, German troops quickly marched into the Italian occupation zone and took control, fighting the Italians on many occasions. Of the 300,000 to 400,000 civilian casualties of war, 60,000 of whom were Jews. Anti-Jewish measures began early in the occupation, but it was not until Mar 1943 that the Bulgarians and Germans conducted large scale deportations, many of whom would end up in Auschwitz and Treblinka in occupied Poland, and many would never return.The Germans ruled its portion of occupied Greece through the façade of a puppet government under the nominal leadership of Georgios Tsolakoglou, Konstantinos Logothetopoulos, then Ioannis Rallis as prime ministers.The several thousand Greek troops which had fled Crete to British-controlled Egypt formed the Royal Hellenic Army in the Middle East. After training in British Palestine, Greek troops participated in the Second Battle of El Alamein in Egypt, and later the Battle of Rimini in Italy. Greek Navy vessels that avoided destruction during the German invasion joined the British Royal Navy; many of them would serve as convoy escorts across the globe during the war. Most of the few air force personnel who escaped Greece would join the Allied Desert Air Force. https://ww2db.com/country/greece European Union and Greece Economic advancements and increased solidarity among the European nations following World War II influenced Greece to sign an agreement of association with Europe, which later turned into Greece officially joining the European Union in January 1981. http://www.greekboston.com/culture/modern-history/journey-european-union/ https://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/jul/03/greece-in-europe-a-short-history https://europa.eu/european-union/about-eu/countries/member-countries/greece_en Greek Gypsies Wikipedia: Romani people in Greece https://en wikipedia.org/wiki/Romani_people_in_Greece Crete Gazette: Gypsies Greece https://www.cretegazette.com/2006-04/gypsies-greece.php Dom Research Center: Greece http://www.domresearchcenter.com/journal/16/greece6.html Joshua Project: People Groups https://joshuaproject.net/people_groups/19777/GR https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3YtE0L6pqKc Greek Orthodox Church Corruption Washington Post: In Greece, church’s tangled ties with government raise questions By Michael Birnbaum (05/30/2012) https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/europe/in-greece-churchs-tangled-ties-with-government-raise- questions/2012/05/30/gJQAFySG1U_story.html?utm_term=.7777ccfc12de Excerpt: The Greek Orthodox Church has long been not just a religious force but also an economic one, with a stake in the Greek National Bank, landholdings second only to the Greek government and a clergy bankrolled by the state. During a crisis that has already created widespread poverty, priests say they are serving the needs of hard- hit citizens whose government has failed them. But critics say that the church’s tax breaks and its tangled relationship with the political leadership here are starving the country of revenue at a moment when time and money are running short. https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/europe/in-greece-churchs-tangled-ties-with-government-raise- questions/2012/05/30/gJQAFySG1U_story.html?utm_term=.7777ccfc12de SF Weekly (San Francisco): Un-Orthodox Behavior. By Mark Athitakis Wednesday, (05/22/2002) https://archives.sfweekly.com/sanfrancisco/un-orthodox-behavior/Content?oid=2145058 Immigration: Greek Immigration into USA See the book:: Greek Immigrants By Scott Ingram, Robert Asher Immigration into Greece Since the mid-1970s the territory of Greece has turned from an emigration to an immigration space. A considerable number among the thousands of immigrants that arrive every year in the country are of Pakistani and Bangladeshi origin and of Muslim faith. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09637494.2012.674851 Israel-Greece Alliance over Oil http://www.meforum.org/5877/shifting-eastern-mediterranean-alliances Oil Shock Business Insider http://www.businessinsider.com/the-origins-of-the-greek-crisis-oil-shock-2015-3?r=UK&IR=T#see-also-23 Rich/poor Greece’s super rich-low profiles https://www.theguardian.com/world/greek-election-blog-2012/2012/jun/13/greeces-super-rich-low-profiles Russian Alliance National Interest: Russia’s Alliance Greece Threat NATO http://nationalinterest.org/feature/russias-alliance-greece-threat-nato-16998 Turkey-Greece Wikipedia: Greco-Turkish War 1919 - 1922 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greco-Turkish_War_(1919%E2%80%931922) Excerpt: The Greco-Turkish War of 1919–1922 was fought between Greece and the Turkish National Movement during the partitioning of the Ottoman Empire after World War I between May 1919 and October 1922. It is known as the Western Front. The Greek front collapsed with the Turkish counter-attack in August 1922, and the war effectively ended with the recapture of Smyrna by the Turkish forces and the Great Fire of Smyrna. The Treaty of Lausanne recognized the independence of the Republic of Turkey and its sovereignty over Asia Minor, Constantinople, and Eastern Thrace. Greek and Turkish governments agreed to engage in a population exchange. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greco-Turkish_War_(1919%E2%80%931922) TERRORISM in Greece Start Here DNI dot gov: Groups-Greeks https://www.dni.gov/nctc/groups/greek_domestic.html General: Terrorism in Greece https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Terrorism_in_Greece Alternative View: Explaining The Absence of Islamist Terrorist ATTACKS AND RADICALISATION IN GREECE Dr Dimitris Skleparis* https://www.eliamep.gr/een/γιατί-το-ισλαμικό-κράτος-δεν-έχει-πλήξ/ Conspiracy of Fire Nuclei https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sect_of_Revolutionaries EA/Revolutionary Struggle emergence in 2003 https://www.dni.gov/nctc/groups/greek_domestic.html ELA (Rev. Popular Struggle) ELA claimed its last operation in 1994 https://www.dni.gov/nctc/groups/greek_domestic.html Golden Dawn Reuters: Gunmen Kill Greek Anti-Terrorist Policeman https://www.reuters.com/article/us-greece-shooting/gunmen-kill-greek-anti-terrorist-policeman-idUSTRE55G0RS20090617 OLA https://www.dni.gov/nctc/groups/greek_domestic.html Revolutionary Nuclei, Conspiracy of Fire Nucle (SPF) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Revolutionary_Nuclei https://www.dni.gov/nctc/groups/greek_domestic.html Revolutionary Organization 17 November https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Revolutionary_Organization_17_November Revolutionary People’s Struggle https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Revolutionary_People%27s_Struggle Revolutionary Struggle (EA) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Revolutionary_Struggle "Revolutionary Struggle terror group claims responsibility for attacks on labor ministry, police buses" (PDF). Embassy of Greece to the United States. June 10, 2005. Retrieved 2007-01-12. https://www.dni.gov/nctc/groups/greek_domestic.html SE (Sect of Revolutionaries) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sect_of_Revolutionaries https://www.dni.gov/nctc/groups/greek_domestic.html SPF https://www.dni.gov/nctc/groups/greek_domestic.html Zero Tolerance https://www.dni.gov/nctc/groups/greek_domestic.html American Greek Terrorists John Georgelas Greek Reporter: John Georgelas The Greek American who became Americas Isis leader. By Philip Chrysopoulos (12/18/2016) http://usa.greekreporter.com/2016/12/18/john-georgelas-the-greek-american-who-became-americas-isis-leader/ Other Greek-American Entrepreneur Peter J. Pappas Dies at 77 By Theo Ioannou - Nov 24, 2017 http://usa.greekreporter.com/2017/11/24/greek-american-peter-j-pappas-dies-at-77/ Pappas was recently involved in film production, becoming executive producer of the 2016 film “Swing Away”, which tells the story of a Greek-American professional golfer who travels to her grandparents’ village in Greece following a professional meltdown. Peter J. Pappas had received many awards from various Greek communities, among them the Hellenic Heritage Award and the Honorary Gold Medal of the Republic of Cyprus. He was married to Catherine Pappas and is survived by their three children and nine grandchildren http://usa.greekreporter.com/2017/11/24/greek-american-peter-j-pappas-dies-at-77/ Related, Similar or Regional Terrorism Italy The Red Brigades Italy: The Red Brigades (Italian: Brigate Rosse [briˈɡate ˈrosse], often abbreviated BR) was a left-wing[1] paramilitary organization, based in Italy, responsible for numerous violent incidents, including assassinations, kidnapping and robberies during the so-called "Years of Lead".The Red Brigades were founded in August 1970, mostly by former members of the Communist Youth movement who had been expelled from the parent party for extremist views.[43] The largest terrorist group in Italy, its aim was to overthrow the government and replace it with a communist system.[44]…Models for the Red Brigades included the Latin American urban guerrilla movements. The group was influenced by volumes on the Tupamaros published by Feltrinelli, "a sort of do-it-yourself manual for the early Red Brigades", and the Italian partisan movement of 1943–45, which was interpreted as an example of a youthful minority using violent means for just end… https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Red_Brigades New York Times: Greece Won’t Extradite Italian (1988) http://www.nytimes.com/1988/02/17/world/greece-won-t-extradite-italian.html France Related: Action Directe - France Telegraph: Terrorist group Action Directe founder 'does not regret murders' (2008) http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/france/3119083/Terrorist-group-Action-Directe-founder-does-not- regret-murders.html Links Boston Globe A report from a country where everyone knows a thousand ways around the rules. By Thanassis Cambanis (2014) https://www.bostonglobe.com/ideas/2014/08/22/why-can-greece-shake-its-corruption- problem/6nwZglU9cmn70xg2x4sobM/story.html Business Insider: The Origins of the Greek Crisis - Oil Shock (2015) http://www.businessinsider.com/the-origins-of-the-greek-crisis-oil-shock-2015-3?r=UK&IR=T#see-also-23 Excerpt: The story of the Greek crisis is often painted as either one of the reckless borrower gambling with other people's money, or the victim of an inflexible European project that squeezes its weaker members for the benefit of the stronger. There may be some truth to both of these narratives, but to get a fuller understanding of the causes of Greece's current problems you have to look further back at the country's own history. What you find is a sorry tale of nihilistic political populism, a wilful suspension of disbelief by international partners and a series of unfortunate accidents that helped turn a promising post-war recovery into a nightmare for its citizens. And it all started with the price of oil. http://www.businessinsider.com/the-origins-of-the-greek-crisis-oil-shock-2015-3?r=UK&IR=T#see-also-23 DW: A New Generation of Greek Terrorists. By Jannis Papadimitriou (03/21/2017) http://www.dw.com/en/a-new-generation-of-greek-terrorists/a-38058747 Excerpt: The Greek terror organization "Conspiracy of Fire Cells," which has made headlines with arson and bomb attacks since 2008, claimed responsibility for the parcel bombs. The group had been considered defunct after 60 accused members and sympathizers were arrested over the last few years. However, as of late, violent acts carried out in the group's name have become more frequent. http://www.dw.com/en/a-new-generation-of-greek-terrorists/a-38058747 Extremists go Abroad for Training in Revolution (Against Isis) http://www.dw.com/en/greek-extremists-go-abroad-for-training-in-revolution/a-39094660 Excerpt: Greek extremists are fleeing to Syria to fight against the so-called "Islamic State" (IS) group, and the surge is stoking concerns among authorities in Athens that a fearless, new-fangled generation of militants could usher a fresh wave of domestic violence here. Although the flight has long been speculated among leading security circles here, concerns mounted recently as local media published pictures showing Greek anarchists fighting alongside the International Revolutionary People's Guerilla Forces in Rojava, near Syria's northern border with Turkey. http://www.dw.com/en/greek-extremists-go-abroad-for-training-in-revolution/a-39094660 Business Anti Corruption Greece Corruption Report (12/2015) http://www.business-anti-corruption.com/country-profiles/greece Excerpt: Corruption severely affects Greece's business environment, completely distorting market competitiveness. A common form of corruption in Greece is known as 'fakelaki', translating to small envelopes and signifying bribes passed on to officials or other recipients to obtain some form of benefit. Greece’s Penal Code criminalises several forms of bribery, including passive and active bribery, abuse of office and money laundering, yet ineffective implementation of existing laws has exacerbated corruption in both the higher and lower echelons of government. The tax administration and public procurement are identified as the sectors most affected by corruption. Gifts, bribery and facilitation payments are widespread despite existing provisions that criminalise these acts…Companies contend with a high corruption risk when dealing with Greece's judiciary. The institution is described as inefficient, slow and vulnerable to corruption and political influence (HRR 2014). Most Greek citizens perceive the judiciary to be corrupt (GCB 2013), and almost half of respondents believe abuse and bribery are widespread among the courts (European Commission, Feb. 2014). http://www.business-anti-corruption.com/country-profiles/greece The Guardian: Greece's super-rich maintain lavish lifestyles and low profiles. By Helena Smith (06/13/2012) https://www.theguardian.com/world/greek-election-blog-2012/2012/jun/13/greeces-super-rich-low-profiles ME Forum: Middle Eastern Forum Shifting Eastern Mediterranean Alliances by Emmanuel Karagiannis (Spring 2016) http://www.meforum.org/5877/shifting-eastern-mediterranean-alliances National Interest: Russia’s Alliance Greece Threat Nato. By Henry Stanek (07/2016) http://nationalinterest.org/feature/russias-alliance-greece-threat-nato-16998 Excerpt: Against the backdrop of ongoing economic crisis and tensions over the troika-backed austerity program, the Greek government of Alexis Tsipras has formed remarkably close ties with the Kremlin. As an active member of NATO, the Greek embrace of Russia has been seen by many as a shot across the bow of Athens’s creditors and a reminder of the leverage cash-strapped Greece can still bring to bear in negotiating debt payments. For the Russians, Greece is one of several EU members (alongside Hungary, Cyprus and the Czech Republic) it can potentially win over to undermine the sanctions regime the Union imposed after Moscow’s illegal annexation of Crimea and intervention in eastern Ukraine. Given Greece’s geostrategic value and the role it could play in enforcing sanctions on Russia, the EU and NATO should make it a priority to curb Russian influence in a land touted as “the birthplace of democracy.”Part of the concern over amicable Greco-Russian relations lies in the strong ties between their leaders, ever since Syriza rose to power. Greek officials have been effusive in their embrace of Vladimir Putin, striking a decidedly different tone from the rest of Europe. The two countries have deep historic and Orthodox religious ties, while relationships between members of Syriza party and political and business elites in Russia are worryingly close. Indeed, the first foreign official that Tsipras invited to the prime minister’s mansion was Russian ambassador Andrey Maslov. http://nationalinterest.org/feature/russias-alliance-greece-threat-nato-16998 New York Times: Greece Won’t Extradite Italian (1988) http://www.nytimes.com/1988/02/17/world/greece-won-t-extradite-italian.html Reuters: Gunmen Kill Greek Anti-Terrorist Policeman https://www.reuters.com/article/us-greece-shooting/gunmen-kill-greek-anti-terrorist-policeman- idUSTRE55G0RS20090617 Tandfonline: Examining Islamic Associations of Pakistani and Bangladeshi Immigrants in Greece George Kassimeris & Antonis Samouris 2010 http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09637494.2012.674851 Greece's New Generation of Terrorists: The Revolutionary Struggle George Kassimeris (2010) http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/1057610X.2011.545935?journalCode=uter20 Telegraph: Terrorist group Action Directe founder 'does not regret murders' (2008) http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/france/3119083/Terrorist-group-Action-Directe-founder- does-not-regret-murders.html from 10/28/2017 notes: On eternal love-truth Plato refined his own definition: Although eros is initially felt for a person, with contemplation it becomes an appreciation of the beauty within that person, or even becomes appreciation of beauty itself. Plato does not talk of physical attraction as a necessary part of love, hence the use of the word platonic to mean, "without physical attraction." In the Symposium, the most famous ancient work on the subject, Plato has Socrates argue that eros helps the soul recall knowledge of beauty, and contributes to an understanding of spiritual truth, the ideal "Form" of youthful beauty that leads us humans to feel erotic desire – thus suggesting that even that sensually based love aspires to the non-corporeal, spiritual plane of existence; that is, finding its truth, just like finding any truth, leads to transcendence. Lovers and philosophers are all inspired to seek truth through the means of eros. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greek_words_for_love Greek alphabet, ancient history The Greek alphabet has been used to write the Greek language since the late 9th century BC or early 8th century BC. It was derived from the earlier Phoenician alphabet, and was the first alphabetic script to have distinct letters for vowels as well as consonants. It is the ancestor of the Latin and Cyrillic scripts. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greek_alphabet
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