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Updates: 2019/01/01 Added CNN (2013)Iraq Page Started 07/07/2018 IN THIS SECTION:  Excerpted Links     Summary Iraq War 2003 -2010, Casualties and Human Cost See also: Islamic Resources   Islamo-Fascism Quick Links https://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2018/07/iraq-secular-sectarian-election-mosul/564452/ https://www.cbsnews.com/video/wounded-warrior-becomes-artist-after-losing-both-arms-in-iraq/ https://www.cnn.com/2018/05/30/health/afghanistan-iraq-war-injuries-study/index.html https://www.cnn.com/2013/03/19/business/iraq-war-contractors/index.html https://www.theguardian.com/news/2018/jun/07/british-troops-war-crimes-iraq-historic-allegations-team https://www.huffingtonpost.com/dan-froomkin/iraq-soldiers-wounded_b_1176276.html https://www.independent.co.uk/voices/iraq-isis-corruption-airstrikes-baghdad-patrick-cockburn-a8434371.html https://www.npr.org/news/specials/tollofwar/tollofwarmain.html https://www.npr.org/2018/07/02/625406747/along-the-iraq-syria-border-u-s-troops-focus-on-defeating-isis https://www.npr.org/2018/05/18/612441140/muqtada-al-sadrs-win-in-iraq-is-dredging-up-tough-memories-for-some-u-s-soldiers https://www.npr.org/2018/07/04/625581972/from-deep-in-the-iraqi-desert-a-new-u-s-fire-base-targets-isis-in-syria https://www.nytimes.com/2012/02/28/us/us-military-deaths-in-iraq-and-afghanistan.html https://www.reuters.com/article/us-iraq-airforce/iraq-air-force-wants-iran-to-give-back-its-planes-idUSCOL54415720070805 https://www.usnews.com/opinion/world-report/articles/2017-11-08/5-ways-the-us-can-build-off-optimism-in-iraq https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Military_history_of_Iraq https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iraq_War https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Casualties_of_the_Iraq_War https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iraq_War_troop_surge_of_2007 Summary - Iraq War 2003 -2010 - Casualties and Human Cost This article is about casualties of the Iraq War from 2003 to 2010. For casualties of ongoing insurgency, see Casualties of Iraqi insurgency (2011–present).White and red flags, representing Iraqi and American deaths, respectively, sit in the grass quadrangle of The Valley Library on the Corvallis, Oregon, campus of Oregon State University. As part of the traveling Iraq Body Count exhibit from 2008 to 2009 (not related to Iraq Body Count project), the flags aim to "raise awareness of the human cost of the Iraq War." (May 2008) Estimates of the casualties from the conflict in Iraq (beginning with the 2003 US invasion of Iraq, and the ensuing occupation and insurgency) have come in many forms, and the accuracy of the information available on different types of Iraq War casualties varies greatly. Credible estimates of Iraq War casualties range from 150,000 to 460,000.[1] Other disputed estimates, such as the 2006 Lancet study, and the 2007 Opinion Research Business survey, which likely overestimates mortality put the numbers as high as 650,000 and 1.2 million respectively, while Body Counts, which likely underestimate mortality put the numbers as low as 110,000.[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Casualties_of_the_Iraq_War As of June 29, 2016, according to the U.S. Department of Defense casualty website, there were 4,424 total deaths (including both killed in action and non-hostile) and 31,952 wounded in action (WIA) as a result of Operation Iraqi Freedom. Excerpted Links The Atlantic: The Rise of Iraq's Young Secularists On Facebook and in the cafés of decimated Mosul, they envision a country free from political Islam. Do they have a shot? Alice Su (2018/07/05) https://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2018/07/iraq-secular-sectarian-election-mosul/564452/ Without their own militias, patronage networks, or political candidates, the secular youth in Mosul say they are at least laying the groundwork for eventual reform; the ravages of isis have, surprisingly, given them room to do so. “We want Muslim society to think critically,” Saleh said. “People need faith and spirituality. You can worship a stone if you Without their own militias, patronage networks, or political candidates, the secular youth in Mosul say they are at least laying the groundwork for eventual reform; the ravages of isis have, surprisingly, given them room to do so. “We want Muslim society to think critically,” Saleh said. “People need faith and spirituality. You can worship a stone if you want,” Hadidi said. “Just don’t throw that stone at me.” https://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2018/07/iraq-secular-sectarian-election-mosul/564452/ cbs--video-clipWounded warrior becomes artist after losing botharms-in-iraq https://www.cbsnews.com/video/wounded-warrior-becomes-artist-after-losing-both-arms-in-iraq/ CNN:One-third of US military injuries in Iraq, Afghanistan weren't from battle.By Susan Scutti (2018/05/30) https://www.cnn.com/2018/05/30/health/afghanistan-iraq-war-injuries-study/index.html Car accidents, falls, equipment mishaps and other nonbattle incidents caused about a third of all injuries sustained by nearly 30,000 US service members during three military operations in Afghanistan and Iraq, according to research published Wednesday in the medical journal JAMA Surgery.These accidents also claimed the lives of more than one in 10 injured service members deployed to those conflicts, the study found.Air Force grounds all aircraft for one day following accidentsAir Force grounds all aircraft for one day following accidents "Nonbattle injury among deployed forces may have different possible causes, deplete medical resources, increase costs, decrease mission capabilities, and result in long-term disability for injured service members," wrote the research authors, led by Dr. Tuan D. Le of the US Army Institute of Surgical Research at Fort Sam Houston in San Antonio. https://www.cnn.com/2018/05/30/health/afghanistan-iraq-war-injuries-study/index.html CNN: (2013/03/19) Iraq War Contractors https://www.cnn.com/2013/03/19/business/iraq-war-contractors/index.html The Guardian: (2018/06/07)War Crimes British Troops/Iraq Historic Allegations Team. By Samira Shackle https://www.theguardian.com/news/2018/jun/07/british-troops-war-crimes-iraq-historic-allegations-team In Iraq, this question of command responsibility was particularly important. Numerous public inquiries have concluded that five banned interrogation techniques were widely used by British soldiers. These techniques – hooding, white noise, sleep deprivation, food deprivation and stress positions – were outlawed by the UK in 1972 and breach the Geneva conventions. But by the time of the Iraq war, training manuals did not mention that these techniques were forbidden. Nor did the manuals formally advocate using these techniques – they simply were not mentioned at all. Institutional knowledge of the ban seemingly having been lost, in the chaos of the war – where thousands of Iraqi men and boys were arrested without adequate holding facilities – soldiers may have been told by commanding officers to, for instance, hood detainees. This meant that, under Ihat, soldiers could theoretically face criminal prosecution for things they were told by their commanders to do. https://www.theguardian.com/news/2018/jun/07/british-troops-war-crimes-iraq-historic-allegations-team Huffington Post: (2011/12/30)  How Many U.S. Soldiers Were Wounded in Iraq? Guess Again.By Dan Froomkin https://www.huffingtonpost.com/dan-froomkin/iraq-soldiers-wounded_b_1176276.html Reports about the end of the war in Iraq routinely describe the toll on the U.S. military the way the Pentagon does: 4,487 dead, and 32,226 wounded. The death count is accurate. But the wounded figure wildly understates the number of American servicemembers who have come back from Iraq less than whole. The true number of military personnel injured over the course of our nine-year-long fiasco in Iraq is in the hundreds of thousands — maybe even more than half a million — if you take into account all the men and women who returned from their deployments with traumatic brain injuries, post-traumatic stress, depression, hearing loss, breathing disorders, diseases, and other long-term health problems. We don’t have anything close to an exact number, however, because nobody’s been keeping track. The much-cited Defense Department figure comes from its tally of “wounded in action“ — a narrowly-tailored category that only includes casualties during combat operations who have “incurred an injury due to an external agent or cause.” That generally means they needed immediate medical treatment after having been shot or blown up. Explicitly excluded from that category are “injuries or death due to the elements, self-inflicted wounds, combat fatigue” — along with cumulative psychological and physiological strain or many of the other wounds, maladies and losses that are most common among Iraq veterans. The “wounded in action” category is relatively consistent, historically, so it’s still useful as a point of comparison to previous wars. But there is no central repository of data regarding these other, sometimes grievous, harms. We just have a few data points here and there that indicate the magnitude. Consider, for instance: The Pentagon’s Defense and Veterans Brain Injury Center reports having diagnosed 229,106 cases of mild to severe traumatic brain injury from 2000 to the third quarter of 2011, including both Iraq and Afghan vets. A 2008 study of Iraq and Afghanistan veterans by researchers at the RAND Corporation found that 14 percent screened positive for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and 14 percent for major depression, with 19 percent reporting a probable traumatic brain injury during deployment. (The researchers found that major depression is “highly associated with combat exposure and should be considered as being along the spectrum of post-deployment mental health consequences.”) Applying those proportions to the 1.5 million veterans of Iraq, an estimated 200,000 of them would be expected to suffer from PTSD or major depression, with 285,000 of them having experienced a probable traumatic brain injury. https://www.huffingtonpost.com/dan-froomkin/iraq-soldiers-wounded_b_1176276.html Independent: After Isis is gone, Iraq will continue to be a deeply corrupt country.  Patrick Cockburn (07/04/2018) https://www.independent.co.uk/voices/iraq-isis-corruption-airstrikes-baghdad-patrick-cockburn-a8434371.html Though there is talk of reforming this system, it is politically dangerous to do so because the networks of corruption and patronage established themselves too long ago and involve too many powerful people and parties https://www.independent.co.uk/voices/iraq-isis-corruption-airstrikes-baghdad-patrick-cockburn-a8434371.html NPR: Toll of War https://www.npr.org/news/specials/tollofwar/tollofwarmain.html The Toll of War in Iraq: U.S. Casualties and Civilian Deaths Chart U.S. military casualties and civilian deaths in Iraq month by month against key events in the war -- and hear about the lives of those who died fighting.Iraq War Coverage   The Impact of War From Deep In The Iraqi Desert, A New U.S. Fire Base Targets ISIS In Syria Few of the U.S. soldiers at the base are aware of what happened a few miles away four years ago, when ISIS killed thousands of Yazidis and forced thousands of women into sexual slavery. The plight of the Yazidis, members of a terrorized religious minority trapped with no food or water after they escaped to Mount Sinjar, helped bring the U.S. into the war against ISIS in 2014…."The big picture, I think, we're just trying to take care of destroying the enemy – trying to support the Iraqis and Syrians as they fight ISIS," says Sgt. Jason Powell from the 4th squadron 3rd Cavalry Regiment.U.S. Marines from the 3rd Battalion 7th Marine Regiment protect the base and are responsible for maintaining contact with other security forces in the area. https://www.npr.org/2018/07/04/625581972/from-deep-in-the-iraqi-desert-a-new-u-s-fire-base-targets-isis-in-syria Along The Iraq-Syria Border, U.S. Troops Focus On Defeating ISIS ISIS Wives, With Children In Tow, Are Handed Long Jail Sentences Or Death Penalty Pentagon Questioned Over Blackout On War Zone Troop Numbers Iraq Works To Form New Government https://www.npr.org/2018/07/02/625406747/along-the-iraq-syria-border-u-s-troops-focus-on-defeating-isis Muqtada Al-Sadr's Win In Iraq Is Dredging Up Tough Memories For Some U.S. Soldiers May 18, 2018 • Iraq has just held parliamentary elections, and the apparent winner is a coalition dominated by an unlikely politician, Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr. I say unlikely because until recently, Sadr was better known for leading a militia, the Mahdi Army, which fought and killed American troops.In 2004, Muqtada al-Sadr and his Mahdi Army fought ferociously against the U.S. in Iraq. Hundreds of U.S. soldiers lost their lives and many more were wounded. Now the Shiite cleric turned politician is celebrating his first election victory. NPR's Mary Louise Kelly speaks with Eric Bourquin and Peter Salerno, who both served in Iraq and fought Sadr, about their view on his win. SALERNO: When my battalion left Iraq in March of '05, when we went down to Kuwait, it was right after the elections in 2005 in February. And I honestly believed that all the blood and treasure at that point had been worth it. My interpreters were coming in on Election Day, and they were literally crying. They were so happy. They were hugging us. They were telling us, this is the greatest day in Iraq. And I honestly thought we had done something good. And over the years, just watching it unravel the way it has has been absolutely heartbreaking - absolutely heartbreaking for me. See-related: While Petraeus credited the surge for the decrease in violence, the decrease also closely corresponded with a cease- fire order given by Iraqi political leader Muqtada al-Sadr on August 29, 2007. Al-Sadr's order, to stand down for six months, was distributed to his loyalists following the deaths of more than 50 Shia Muslim pilgrims during fighting in Karbala the day earlier.[75] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iraq_War_troop_surge_of_2007 https://www.npr.org/2018/05/18/612441140/muqtada-al-sadrs-win-in-iraq-is-dredging-up-tough-memories-for-some-u-s- soldiers https://www.npr.org/2018/05/15/611389703/former-u-s-ambassador-to-iraq-discusses-election-results https://www.npr.org/news/specials/tollofwar/tollofwarmain.html New York Times: US Military Deaths in Iraq in Afghanistan (2012/02/28) https://www.nytimes.com/2012/02/28/us/us-military-deaths-in-iraq-and-afghanistan.html The Department of Defense has identified 4,477 American service members who have died since the start of the Iraq war and 1,888 who have died as part of the Afghan war and related operations. It confirmed the deaths of the following Americans recently. Iraq:  AL-TAIE, Ahmed K., 41, Staff Sgt., Army; Ann Arbor, Mich.; Fourth Infantry Division. Afghanistan: BORN, Joshua A., 25, Sgt., Army; Niceville, Fla.; 385th Military Police Battalion, 16th Military Police Brigade. CONRAD, Timothy J. Jr., 22, Cpl., Army; Roanoke, Va.; 385th Military Police Battalion, 16th Military Police Brigade. LOFTIS, John D., 44, Lt. Col., Air Force; Paducah, Ky.; 866th Air Expeditionary Squadron. MARCHANTI, Robert J. II, 48, Maj., Army; Baltimore; 29th Infantry Division Security Partnering Team of the Maryland Army National Guard. https://www.nytimes.com/2012/02/28/us/us-military-deaths-in-iraq-and-afghanistan.html Reuters: Iraq Air Force wants Iran to return its planes. Ross Colvin (2007/08/05) https://www.reuters.com/article/us-iraq-airforce/iraq-air-force-wants-iran-to-give-back-its-planes-idUSCOL54415720070805 Security information Web site GlobalSecurity.org estimates that half of the air force fled to Iran in 1991, just three years after the end of the Iran-Iraq war, rather than confront Coalition planes.Much of the rest of the air force was destroyed during the U.S.-led invasion of Iraq in 2003.Iraq’s air force is slowly rising from the ashes of decades of war and sanctions that wiped out its fleet of combat aircraft, once reputed to be the world’s sixth-biggest https://www.reuters.com/article/us-iraq-airforce/iraq-air-force-wants-iran-to-give-back-its-planes-idUSCOL54415720070805 US News: 5 Ways the US can build off optimism in Iraq. Hardin Lang (2017/11/08) https://www.usnews.com/opinion/world-report/articles/2017-11-08/5-ways-the-us-can-build-off-optimism-in-iraq Such a partnership could serve several U.S. interests, maximizing the odds that Iraqis can hold the line against the Islamic State group's successor, Iranian domination or relapse into civil war. But it will take sustained, holistic American engagement to lay the foundation. What would that mean in practice? https://www.usnews.com/opinion/world-report/articles/2017-11-08/5-ways-the-us-can-build-off-optimism-in-iraq Wikipedia: Military History of Iraq, broad and brief summary The military history of Iraq, due to a rich archaeological record, is one of the longest in written human history. The region of Iraq, which used to be Mesopotamia, has been referred to as the "cradle of civilization", and wars of conquest have been recorded in this region as far back as the third millennium BC. The area possesses strategic value, initially for the rich, fertile agricultural region in the Mesopotamian plain, and more recently for large petroleum deposits and access to the oil- rich Persian Gulf. The present territory of Iraq lacks significant strategic barriers, making it difficult to defend against foreign invasion. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Military_history_of_Iraq The Iraq War was a protracted armed conflict that began in 2003 with the invasion of Iraq by a United States-led coalition that overthrew the government of Saddam Hussein. ... Many violent insurgent groups were supported by Iran and al-Qaeda in Iraq. The United States responded with a troop surge in 2007. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iraq_War